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The “Brexit” Case before the Constitutional Judges of the United Kingdom: Comments regarding the Decision of the High Court of Justice of November 3, 2016, Confirmed by the Supreme Court in Decision Dated January 24, 2017

Language
English
Pages
27
2019 / Vol. 31, No. 1, (111)
Digital Edition

The “Brexit” Case before the Constitutional Judges
of the United Kingdom:
Comments regarding the Decision
of the High Court of Justice of November 3, 2016,
Confirmed by the Supreme Court
in Decision Dated January 24, 2017

Allan R. Brewer-Carías

Emeritus Professor of the Central University of Venezuela, Simon Bolivar Professor (Past Fellow, Trinity College), University of Cambridge (1985-1986); Professeur associé, Université de Paris II (1989-1990); Adjunct Professor of Law, Columbia Law School, New York (2006-2008); Former Vice President of the International Academy of Comparative Law (1982-2010)

This report analyzes the judicial review decision on matters of constitutional law related to the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union, issued by the High Court of Justice on November 3, 2016, ratified by the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom on January 24, 2017, both referred to the so-called Brexit case. Those decisions eventually resulted from the referendum held on this matter on June 23, 2016, originating what can be considered as the most important political decision adopted to this date within the framework of European regional integration processes. The intention of the report is to give an account of the most relevant contents of those decisions in light of the contemporary constitutional law principles applied in the United Kingdom, as were analyzed by the Courts, particularly those regarding the separation of powers pertaining to the relationships between Parliament and the Executive Branch of the Government according to the principles of parliamentary sovereignty and the limitations of the Crown’s prerogative powers on regulatory matters.

Ce rapport analyse la décision de contrôle judiciaire sur les questions de droit constitutionnel relatives au retrait du Royaume-Uni de l’Union européenne, rendue par la Haute Cour de justice le 3 novembre 2016 et confir-mée par la Cour suprême du Royaume-Uni le 24 janvier 2017, toutes les deux décisions renvoyant à l’affaire dite du “Brexit”. Ces décisions ont finalement résulté du référendum qui s’est tenu sur cette question le 23 juin 2016 et qui est à l’origine de ce qui peut être considéré comme la décision politique la plus importante adoptée à ce jour dans le cadre des processus d’intégration régionale européenne. Le rapport vise à rendre compte du contenu le plus pertinent de ces décisions à la lumière des principes contemporains de droit constitutionnel appliqués au Royaume-Uni, tels qu’ils ont été analysés par les tribunaux, en particulier ceux concernant la séparation des pouvoirs en ce qui concerne les relations entre le Parlement et le pouvoir exécutif du gouvernement conformément aux principes de la souveraineté parlementaire et les limites des prérogatives de la Couronne en matière réglementaire.

* Paper written for the Presentation before the European Group of Public Law (EGPL), Annual Reunion 2018, on Brexit, Sounion 7-8 September 2018.

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