Theoretical Aspects of Prosecutor’s Position and Activity
in Criminal Procedures in the Slovak Republic
PhDr. JUDr., PhD., Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sport of the Slovak Republik,
Institute of public law, Faculty of Law of the Pan-European University
JUDr., PhD., Associate Professor, Institute of public law, Faculty of Law of the Pan-European University
The position and activities of the Public Prosecutor’s Office have in the historical context naturally developed / changed. We can argue to what extent and if it is possible to think of the independence of the Public Prosecutor’s Office in every single historical period of its development. We can consider that recently the Public Prosecutor’s Office in the Slovak Republic is independent, which is an aspect that is reflected and can be seen in every single level of its activity. And in doing so, it is not just limited to the criminal procedure, it even goes beyond this criminal level. Undoubtedly, in a criminal procedure the Prosecutor, as one of the law-enforcement authorities, as one of the legal entities and subsequently one of the two main parties to the proceedings, is entrusted important or even essential authorisation. This contribution gives an overview of basic theoretical starting points of the position of the Public Prosecutor’s Office in the Slovak Republic, especially focusing on its activities within the framework of the criminal procedure and on principles to which the Prosecutor is bound in this procedure.