ARTICLE
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2,50 €

Constitutional Law / Droit constitutionnel 2009 Slovakia / Slovaquie

Pages
11
2009 / Vol. 21, No. 3, (73)
Digital Edition

Constitutional Law / Droit constitutionnel

Slovakia / Slovaquie

Erik Láštic

Department of Political Science, Faculty of Arts, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia 

This chronicle analyzes various aspects of parliament-cabinet relation in Slovakia, using data on cabinet formation and termination and legislative output in 1994-2008 and discusses changes in the parliamentary rules related to the 2004 EU mem­­bership of Slovakia. It argues that, while the Slovak Constitution recognizes the parliament as a supreme constitutional body, in reality the political system is both party-centered and cabinet-dominated. As a result of the electoral system, only political parties are allowed to propose candidates for MPs. A system of State financing of political parties favors parliamentary subjects, which leads to their cartelization and potentially narrows voters’ freedom to select. If a strong majority cabi­net exists, it is the cabinet that controls the parliament rather than other way around. Incentives provided by the cabinet seemed to play a major role in stability and voting cohesion of majority, or, if there is no longer a clear majority, guarantee cabinet’s survival.

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